Meningitis is an infectious disease that creates inflammation in membranes (also known as meningitis) that cover the spinal cord and brain. Meningitis can affect anyone of any age, whether it’s a child, a newborn baby, or an adult.  

Although there are many reasons behind the cause of this infection, the main 7 causes of this infection are given below: 

 

Bacterial meningitis:   

This meningitis infection happens due to bacteria getting into your bloodstream through the sinuses, ear, or throat and reaching the brain. This is life-threatening and immediate medical attention is required to save a life. It is easily transferable from one person to another through coughs and sneezes. Some of the bacterial strains that cause meningitis (commonly found in the US): 

 

Viral meningitis:  

Viral infection (of the meninges of the brain or spinal cord) is the most common cause of meningitis. This is less serious than other forms of meningitis and most people get better without any treatment. But you should never ignore meningitis because it is a serious infection and can lead to major disabilities or life-threatening complications. It’s caused by viruses like: 

 

Parasitic meningitis: 

This meningitis is caused by parasites that affect animals (like snails, snakes, fish, slugs, or their eggs). When you eat meat (raw or undercooked) you can get this infection. It is exceedingly rare (in comparison to viral and bacterial meningitis). You cannot spread this infection to others.  

 

Fungal meningitis:  

This meningitis is caused by a fungal infection that makes its way to your brain and spinal cord. Healthy people rarely get infected by this infection, it mostly infects people who have a weak immune system (like people who suffer from AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Disease Syndrome)). 

Some of the common fungal causes are – Cryptococcus, Histoplasma, Blastomyces, Coccidioides, and Candida. 

 

Amoebic Meningitis: 

This type of meningitis is rare, and usually caused by a single celled bug called Naegleria fowleri. People get this infection by swimming in freshwater where this amoeba lives (not by drinking water). 

 

Non-infectious Meningitis:  

This type of meningitis is caused by diseases such as lupus, cancer, if you take some medications, have a head injury or brain surgery. It’s not contagious.  

 

Chronic Meningitis:  

This type of meningitis mostly happens from Mycobacteria (that causes tuberculosis) or infections from a fungus. These organisms get into the tissue or fluid that surrounds the brain and cause meningitis. Its symptoms are similar to acute meningitis, which takes several weeks to develop.  

 

Prevention 

This infection can easily be transmitted through cough, sneezes, kisses, or sharing the same objects and things that you use in your everyday life (such as toothbrushes, towels, clothes, perfumes, etc.).  

Some steps that you can take to prevent meningitis:  

 

Meningitis is a serious viral infectious disease that can be life-threatening and can lead to death. You should seek immediate medical help whenever you notice any major symptoms.
 

Want to know more about meningitis or need medical help regarding meningitis? 

Call us at 718-DORAL-55.

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