Infectious diseases are extremely common worldwide. 

We are hosts to millions of species of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. These residents are normally harmless. But sometimes they may cause diseases. 

 

What are infections & infectious diseases? 

Infections/ infectious diseases are caused by pathogens (bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites) that affect your health and cause many ailments. They are also called communicable diseases. The way these pathogens spread is called their routes of transmission–  

 

How do infections spread (routes of transmission)? 

Direct contact: You may get infected by coming in direct contact with an infected person/animal. Some examples include: 

Indirect contactYou can catch many germs by touching infected surfaces and things (like a tabletop, a doorknob, or a faucet handle). 

Insect bites – (mosquitoes, ticks, fleas, or lice)  

Food & Water contamination- (such as unpasteurized milk or fruit juice, undercooked meat, or unwashed fruits and vegetables)  

What are the Signs & Symptoms of an Infection? 

Even though every infectious disease has its own specific symptoms, there are a few general signs and symptoms common to several infectious diseases. These are: 

What causes Infections? 

Infectious diseases can be caused by: 

Am I at Risk? 

Your risk of catching an infection increases if:  

Are there any Complications? 

Yes, there are! Most infectious diseases can be cured by rest and antibiotics, but a few have serious life-threatening complications. 

What Prevention measures can I take, if any? 

When to see a doctor? 

Seek immediate medical attention if you: 

Infectious Diseases Care at Doral Health & Wellness 

Learn more about infectious diseases @ 718-DORAL-55 and stay up to date on current health topics and new research, on recent infectious diseases like COVID-19. 

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