Do you have unexplained blisters and sores on your face? It might be Herpes…… 

How did you get herpes in the first place?  

What is the prevention of herpes? 

Need to know how to treat herpes? 

 All the answers to your questions are in this article.  

Herpes is a viral infection [by Herpes Simplex virus (HSV)] that causes genital or oral blisters (around the face and mouth) and sores.  

 There are two types of HSV (Herpes Simplex Virus): 

  1. HSV-1: This infection causes cold sores and fever blisters that might appear around the mouth, the lips, or the face.  
  1. HSV-2: This variant causes genital herpes, you might develop sores on or around your genitals, anus, buttocks, or in your inner thighs. Sometimes, sores also develop inside the vagina. 

Many people develop genitals herpes even if they have the HSV-1 virus because both types of viruses are transmitted through oral or genital contact. So, both can cause oral or genital herpes episodes.  

According to WHO (World Health Organization), 67% of people below 50 have HSV-1, and 13% of people have HSV-2 between 15 to 49.  


Pregnant women should stay cautious- in case she has genital herpes chances are, it can transfer to the baby during childbirth.  


The common symptoms of herpes infection are the presence of painful water-filled sores and blisters around the affected areas. Symptoms come in episodes depending on the infection (primary herpes infection or recurrent form of herpes).  

Primary Herpes 

Generally, symptoms appear a few weeks after you have been exposed to herpes. You might have flu-like symptoms, including: 

Before the blisters appear, you may experience tingling, burning, or itching at the site of the infection. It could be a single blister or a small cluster of water-filled blisters. Before they begin to heal, these blisters will burst and form a dark crust at the site of the blister. The blisters can sometimes take up to 6 weeks (about 1 and a half months) to heal completely.  

Recurrent Herpes 

Mostly, people have only a single episode of herpes (as your immune system develops antibodies against the virus after the infection); but in some cases, recurrent episodes are seen every several months or so.  

You can shorten the time of healing by taking antiviral medication.  


Herpes has no known cure. However, medications can be used to control its symptoms-antiviral medications (Famvir, Zovirax, and Valtrex) help to reduce the number of episodes you have or help to decrease the chances of spreading the virus. And there are plenty of home remedies that come in handy to reduce the pain and discomfort of blisters, like: 


Some prevention tips you should follow to avoid getting infected, or transferring your herpes infection to the people around you: 

  1. Use condoms while having sex (whether oral or anal).  
  1. Avoid having sex when you have active symptoms. 
  1. Avoid kissing and oral sex if you have a cold sore on your mouth, lips, or face. 
  1. Washing hands properly and thoroughly after touching an infected area. 

Herpes and HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) 

Genital Herpes increases the chances of getting infected with HIV or passing on HIV infection while having sexual intercourse. It is riskier with HSV-2 infections (as its increases the cd4 cells in the genital lining, which increase the chances of infection) if a person is exposed to HIV.  

So, avoid having sex without protection (in case you have genital herpes or HIV).  


Herpes can affect anyone. And, although there is no cure, the symptoms usually resolve on their own. You can use medication and home remedies to fasten the healing process.

Need advice or help? Talk to our infectious disease experts for more details. Contact us online to book an appointment –


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