Cough is one of the most common illnesses. Although a cough can sound awful, it usually is not a sign of a more serious condition. In fact, coughing is a common reflex reaction that keeps the airways clear of mucus and irritants. 

The different types of coughs may be related to how they last: 

The type of cough related to mucus: 

A cough can be caused by several different conditions. 

Common causes for acute cough can include: 

Common causes for chronic cough can include: 

Other causes can include: 

Call your primary care physician if your cough doesn’t go away after a few weeks or if it involves any of these symptoms: 

 

Emergency care is needed if you are: 

 

Coughs can be treated in different ways, depending on the case. At home remedies can be done by keeping hydrated, using cough drops to soothe the throat, gargling with salt water, avoiding irritants like smoke and dust. Or thru medical care, like doctors prescribing antibiotics, or they could also be prescribed with expectorant cough syrup or cough suppressants.  

 

Although having a cough doesn’t necessarily mean you have a serious illness. Calling and consulting with your primary health care provider will help you manage your symptoms and prevent it from progressing. Your primary care provider will also be the one to refer you to a specialist if the need arises. 

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